A Land description consists of the written words which delineate a specific piece of real property. Also known as a "Legal Description", land descriptions within the United States can generally be classified as one of these basic types:
- Metes and bounds
- "Bounded By" description
- An aliquot part of the US Public Land Survey System
- Lot and Block survey system or lot shown on a similar subdivision map
- A strip description
Legal land description
A legal land description in Western Canada would be defined by the Dominion Land Survey. For example the village of Yarbo, Saskatchewan is located at the legal land description of SE-12-20-33-W1, which would be the South East quarter section of Section 12, Township 20, Range 33, West of the first meridian.
In the written transfer of real property, it is universally required that the instrument of conveyance (deed) include a written description of the property.