Google Street View
An intersection in Charlotte, North Carolina, showing multiple angles.
|Initial release||May 25, 2007|
Last release date:
Disneyland Resort Paris, France
|Language||English, Spanish, French|
Google Street View is a feature of Google Maps and Google Earth that provides for many streets in the world 360° horizontal and 290° vertical panoramic views from a row of positions along the street (one in every 10 or 20 meters, or so), from a height of about 2.5 meters. It was launched on May 25, 2007, and has gradually expanded to include more cities, and in these cities more streets, and also some rural areas. These photographs are currently available for countries including United States, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Italy, Spain, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. Coverage is shown by dragging "pegman" from its position, on a map of any scale.
Google Street View displays scans taken from a fleet of Chevrolet Cobalt, Saturn Astra or Toyota Prius cars in North America, Opel Astras in continental Europe and the United Kingdom, Holden Astras in Australia and New Zealand, Toyota Prius cars in Japan and Fiat Stilos in Brazil . Pedestrian areas, narrow streets and park alleys that cannot be accessed by car are not always covered. However, sometimes Google Trikes (tricycles) are used. On each of these cars (and tricycles) there are nine directional cameras for the 360° views, GPS units for positioning, 3 laser range scanners, manufactured by SICK, for the measuring of up to 50 meters 180° in the front of the vehicle. On the cars there's also 3G/GSM/Wi-Fi antennas for scanning 3G/GSM and Wi-Fi hotspots. Recent, high quality images are based on open source hardware cameras from Elphel. These cameras are also used by Google book search.
Where available, street view images appear after zooming in beyond the highest zooming level in maps and satellite images, and also by dragging "pegman" to some position. Using the keyboard or mouse the horizontal and vertical viewing direction and the zoom level can be selected. A straight or broken line in the photo shows the approximate path followed by the camera car; two arrows link to the next photo in each direction. At junctions and crossings of camera car routes, more arrows are shown.
On November 21, 2008, Street View was added to the Maps application installed on all of Apple iPhones. On December 10, 2008, Street View was added to the Maps application for S60 3rd Edition. Street view has now also been added to the Windows Mobile version of Google Maps. All versions of Google Maps for Android feature street view, and the digital compass can be used to look around the locations.
- 1 Development
- 2 Areas included
- 3 Future
- 4 Privacy issues
- 5 Role in solving crime
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 External links
Note: Bold means which locations are available in High Quality view, and italic bold indicates which locations are partially available in High Quality view. In locations where High Quality view exists, it is possible to navigate along a street for a "virtual drive" at around 25 mph.
|May 25, 2007||File:Flag of the United States.svg San Francisco, Las Vegas, Denver, Miami, New York City|
|August 7, 2007||File:Flag of the United States.svg Los Angeles, San Diego, Houston, Orlando|
|October 9, 2007||File:Flag of the United States.svg Portland, Phoenix, Tucson, Chicago, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia|
|December 10, 2007||File:Flag of the United States.svg Dallas, Minneapolis, Indianapolis, Detroit, Providence, Boston|
|February 12, 2008||File:Flag of the United States.svg Juneau, Boise, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, Kansas City, Milwaukee, Raleigh, Albany, Manchester|
|March 27, 2008||File:Flag of the United States.svg Anchorage, Fairbanks, Spokane, Yosemite National Park, Albuquerque, Austin, Little Rock, Rockford, Madison, Nashville, Cleveland, Tampa, Richmond|
|June 10, 2008||File:Flag of the United States.svg Sacramento, Fresno, Oklahoma City, St. Louis, Jackson, Louisville, Atlanta, Columbus, Jacksonville, Columbia, Charlotte, Buffalo, Virginia Beach, Yellowstone National Park|
|July 2, 2008|| 2008 Tour de France route: |
Aigurande, Auray, Bourg d'Oisans, Brest, Brioude, Cérilly, Cholet, Embrun, Étampes, Figeac, Lannemezan, Lavelanet, Nantes, Saint-Malo and more
File:Flag of Italy.svg Cuneo
|August 4, 2008|| Adelaide, Albany, Alice Springs, Brisbane, Broken Hill, Cairns, Canberra, Geraldton, Hobart, Karratha, Melbourne, Mount Isa, Perth, Rockhampton, Sydney, Tamworth|
Chiba, Hakodate, Kobe, Kyoto, Nara, Osaka, Saitama, Sapporo, Sendai, Tokyo, Yokohama
File:Flag of the United States.svg New Orleans, Baton Rouge
|October 14, 2008||Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Lille, Toulouse|
|October 27, 2008||Barcelona, Madrid, Seville, Valencia|
|October 29, 2008||File:Flag of Italy.svg Florence, Milan, Rome, Lake Como (including Bellagio, Bellano, Cernobbio, Como, Lecco, Malgrate, Varenna and more)|
|November 4, 2008||File:Flag of the United States.svg Seattle, Washington, D.C., Baltimore|
|December 1, 2008||Major part of New Zealand|
|December 9, 2008|| File:Flag of the United States.svg More locations in United States|
More areas in Australia
|March 18, 2009|| London, Oxford, Cambridge, Nottingham, Derby, Sheffield, Leeds, Manchester, Bradford, Scunthorpe, Bristol, Norwich, Newcastle upon Tyne, Birmingham, Coventry, Liverpool, Southampton, York and more|
Belfast, Carrickfergus, Larne, Newtownabbey in Northern Ireland
Cardiff, Swansea, Barry
Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee, Aberdeen, Arbroath, Carnoustie, Ellon, Forfar, Fraserburgh, Inverurie, Peterhead, Portlethen, Stonehaven, Westhill and more
Paris (metropolitan area: Versailles, Orly, Rueil-Malmaison, Nanterre, Saint-Denis, Boulogne-Billancourt, Champigny-sur-Marne), Amiens, Calais, Dunkerque, Lens, Douai, Tourcoing, Villeneuve-d'Ascq, Valenciennes, Le Havre, Rouen, Reims, Châlons-en-Champagne, Caen, Rennes, Nantes, Angers, Troyes, Strasbourg, Haguenau, Poitiers, Dijon, Clermont-Ferrand, Limoges, Montpellier, Aix-en-Provence, Toulon, Cannes, Antibes, Valence, Romans-sur-Isère, Saint-Étienne, Grenoble
File:Flag of Italy.svg Turin, Novara, Monza, Udine, Genova, Parma, Bologna, Livorno, Arezzo, Perugia, L'Aquila, Fiumicino, Caserta, Naples, Avellino, Salerno, Bari, Bitonto, Reggio di Calabria, Catania, Cagliari
Madrid (metropolitan area: Madrid, Alcobendas, Coslada, Fuenlabrada, Móstoles, Getafe, Arganda del Rey and more), Oviedo, Sabadell, Terrassa, Zaragoza
Amsterdam, Amstelveen, Rotterdam, Groningen, Spijkenisse, Volendam, Zaanstad
File:Flag of the United States.svg More locations in United States
|June 10, 2009||Paris|
Google Street View was first introduced in the United States on May 25, 2007, and until November 26, 2008, featured camera icon markers, each representing at least one major city or area (such as a park), and usually the other nearby cities, towns, suburbs, and parks. Many areas that had coverage were not represented by icons.
- On May 12, 2008, Google announces that it is testing face-blurring technology on its photos of the busy streets of Manhattan.  The technology uses a computer algorithm to search Google's image database for faces and blurs them, according to John Hanke, director of Google Earth and Google Maps.
- On April 16, 2008, Street View was fully integrated into Google Earth 4.3.
- On July 2, 2008, Google Street View was introduced in France and Italy, providing the first service outside the United States. On this day, 19 camera icons were added, mostly showing small towns and areas along the Tour de France route and part of north western Italy
- On August 4, 2008, Australia and Japan were added to Google Street View. On this day, 28 icons were added, featuring major metropolitan areas of Japan as well as the bulk of Australia. Included in the update were approximately 40 new U.S. hub cities.
- On December 1, 2008, New Zealand was added to Google Street View. Faces were blurred upon recommendation by the New Zealand Privacy Commission, but vehicle registration plates were not obscured.
- Two other features included in the June 10, 2008 update were an effective mask of the "Google" car and the application of face-blurring technology on all photos, which effectively lowered the resolution across all photos, even the formerly impressive high resolution images of San Francisco. Also, many nearby metro areas were included, but they did not receive their own camera icons. Google initially used images from spherical video company Immersive Media as well as their own vehicles. Since December 2007, Google has used imagery that belongs exclusively to Google.
- On 26 November 2008, the Street View Button and all the camera icon were deleted. Instead of clicking the "Street View" button, you can now click on the "pegman" button in the left hand corner. If you drag "pegman" over the map and where Street View is available the blue polylines will appear on the map and a small window will show the current Street View. If you drop "pegman" on the map the Street View opens and takes over the whole map window.
- On April 9, 2009 Street View became available with a full-screen option.
- On June 5, 2009 Smart Navigation was introduced which allows users to navigate around the panoramas by double-clicking with their cursor on any place or object they want to see.
Google Street View was first introduced in the United States on May 25, 2007, and only covered areas of the United States until July 2, 2008. Currently, images can be seen in at least nine countries (although parts of other countries can be seen from locations located near national borders; for example, large portions of Vatican City can be viewed from Rome's streetview). Introductions have generally occurred every 2 days to 100 days. Up until November 26, 2008, major cities (and early on, the only cities) were marked by camera icons, more of which were added each time. Then, all camera icons were discontinued in favor simply of "blue" coverage.
The United States was the first country to have Street View images and was the only country with images for over a year following introduction. Early on, most locations had a limited number of views, usually constrained to the city limits and only including major streets, and they only showed the buildings up to a certain height. Few suburbs or other nearby cities were included.
After the first few sets of introductions, image collections from cities added were more detailed, often including every side street, especially in areas closer to the center of the city. More suburbs and other nearby cities were included.
The coverage of various cities has in many cases, subsequently been enlarged and improved, but not necessarily on the same date as new cities have been added. Improvements have included the additions of streets in neighborhoods where previously only main roads had been covered, expansions to more suburbs, and views to the sky where previously only views to a certain height were provided.
Initially when a group of cities were added, only those cities and their own suburbs would be a part of the image collection. But June 10, 2008 introductions also included cities in covered areas without camera icons and isolated from any other camera icons. Many more cities were added without icons on August 4, when the only U.S. city added with an icon was New Orleans.
On November 4, 2008, three more U.S. cities were added: Washington D.C., Baltimore, and Seattle. More parts of Seattle are available in high quality view (like Mercer Island and center of the city).
On December 9, 2008, extensive coverage of the United States was added. This included full coverage of all large and most medium-sized urban areas and most major highways and connecting arteries throughout the 48 contiguous states.
On March 18, 2009, extensive coverage of the United States was added including most of the coverage of Delaware, North Dakota, Rhode Island, and South Dakota. For a period of time some coverage was deleted (such as in northern Minnesota.)
The only state as of this date that does not have coverage is Hawaiʻi. This will soon change as Google Street View cars have been spotted in Honolulu in April 2009.
On a trivial point, it should be noted that many small parts of Canada can be seen on Street View where the cars have stopped just short of the International Boundary between the two countries. This is most notable between Manitoba and North Dakota.
In Canada, Google Street View cars have been spotted in early April 2009. In Mexico, first reports of sightings came in from Mexico City as early as April 2009 and now Google Street View cars are being spotted in many Mexican states.
The first views anywhere outside the United States were introduced on July 2, 2008, when the Tour de France route was added. Nineteen camera icons, each indicating part of a French city or town and Cuneo, Italy were included.
On October 14, 2008, camera icons were introduced in six French cities, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Paris, Toulouse. At the same time, all other icons that had been introduced in France on July 2, as well as the one of Cuneo, Italy, were removed, representing the first time in Street View's history that a camera icon that once marked a place was removed. But the amount of coverage that France had since July 2 was not diminished.
On October 27, 2008, four Spanish metropolitan areas were added to the list of growing street view locations in Europe. These include Madrid, Barcelona, Seville and Valencia.
On October 29, 2008, Italy received four camera icons for the localities of Florence, Milan, Rome, and Lake Como.
On March 18, 2009, United Kingdom and Netherlands were added. In the case of Great Britain, until now only major centers have been uploaded and coverage of those city centers is not 100%. For example, as of mid-April 2009, Edinburgh is missing Street View images of two of its key thoroughfares: Princes Street and the Royal Mile (although portions of both are visible from adjoining streets that have been imaged).
In May 2009 Google Germany released a list of German cities that will be scanned or rescanned in May & June 2009. 
Japan was also introduced on August 4, 2008. Japan's coverage is currently concentrated in five areas with a total of 10 camera icons. The service has faced criticisms from some in Japan of cultural insensitivity. The Google Street View Cars were seen in Ishinomaki, Nagoya, Kitanagoya, Niigata, Hiroshima, Fukuoka, Naha and Miyakojima.
Google Street View camera cars were spotted in the streets of Singapore on October 2008. Google has confirmed the fact that the Google Street View would be coming to Singapore a few months later.
In early 2009, camera cars with the Google Street View labels were spotted in Hong Kong's streets. As of March 2009 the Google Street View camera car was also seen roaming the streets of Taipei, Taiwan.
On August 4, 2008, the long-anticipated image collection of Australia was introduced. At this time, the bulk of Australia was included in detail, with 18 camera icons. Extensive mapping of New Zealand was included on December 1, 2008. On December 9, 2008 Darwin, Australia and other locations were included.
This list is not comprehensive as Google is adding new locations regularly.
|Alabama||Anniston, Auburn, Birmingham, Decatur, Dothan, Florence, Gadsden, Huntsville, Mobile, Montgomery, Opelika, Tuscaloosa|
|Alaska||Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau|
|Arizona||Ajo, Benson, Casa Grande, Flagstaff, Gila Bend, Globe, Douglas, Eloy, Florence, Holbrook, Kayenta, Kingman, Mohave Valley, Nogales, Payson, Phoenix, Prescott, Safford, Show Low, Snowflake, Tombstone, Tonopah, Tucson, Wickenburg, Willcox, Winslow, Yuma|
|Arkansas||Conway, El Dorado, Fayetteville, Fort Smith, Hot Springs, Jonesboro, Little Rock, Pine Bluff, Searcy, Texarkana|
|California||Bakersfield, Riverside, Chico, Eureka, Fresno, Los Angeles, Modesto, Oakland, Orange County, Sacramento, San Jose, Stockton, Fremont, Twentynine Palms, Visalia, Death Valley National Park, Joshua Tree National Park, Lassen Volcanic National Park, Sequoia National Park,Santa Barbara, Salinas, San Diego, San Francisco, Santa Maria, San Luis Obispo, Sebastopol, Ventura, Yosemite National Park McArthur, Fall River Mills, Cassel, Burney, Rancho Cucamonga|
|Colorado||Alamosa, Boulder, Burlington, Canon City, Colorado Springs, Denver, Durango, Fort Collins, Granby, Grand Junction, Greeley, Montrose, Pueblo, Steamboat Springs,Sterling ,Trinidad, Vail, Walsenburg|
|Connecticut||Bristol, Burlington, Groton, Hartford, New Haven, North Stamford, Norwich|
|District of Columbia||Washington|
|Florida||Hialeah, Daytona Beach, Everglades National Park, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Walton Beach, Gainesville, Jacksonville, Key West, Melbourne, Palm Bay, Miami, North Port, Ocala, Orlando, Panama City, St. Augustine, St. Petersburg, Tallahassee, Tampa, Venice, West Palm Beach, Pensacola|
|Georgia||Athens, Atlanta, Augusta, Columbus, Macon, Rome, Savannah, Valdosta|
|Idaho||Boise, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Falls, Nampa, Pocatello, Twin Falls, Lewiston|
|Illinois||Carbondale, Chester, Chicago, Danville, Dixon, Freeport, Galena, Gurnee, Lincoln, Mount Vernon, Murphysboro, Peoria, Rockford, Salem, Springfield|
|Indiana||Anderson, Bloomington, Elkhart, Evansville, Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Kokomo, Lafayette, Marion, Muncie, Plymouth, Portage, Richmond, South Bend, Terre Haute|
|Iowa||Ames, Cedar Rapids, Des Moines, Dubuque, Grinnell, Newton|
|Kansas||Emporia, Hutchinson, Kansas City, Manhattan, Topeka, Wichita, Lawrence,Garden City,Dodge City,Great Bend,Larned,Liberal|
|Kentucky||Ashland, Bowling Green, Elizabethtown, Frankfort, Glasgow, Hazard, Henderson, Hopkinsville, Lexington, London, Louisville, Morehead, Owensboro, Prestonsburg|
|Louisiana||Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Houma, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, New Orleans, Shreveport|
|Maine||Auburn, Augusta, Bangor, Bar Harbor, Bath, Belfast, Berwick, Brewer, Biddeford, Brunswick, Bucksport, Camden, Caribou, Dexter, Ellsworth, Farmington, Gardiner, Houlton, Kittery, Lewiston, Livermore Falls, Madison, Newport, Old Orchard Beach, Old Town, Orono, Pittsfield, Portland, Presque Isle, Rockland, Saco, Sanford, Skowhegan, Thomaston, Waterville, Wiscasset, York|
|Maryland||Annapolis, Baltimore, Frederick, Germantown, Rockville, Salisbury|
|Massachusetts||Boston, Lowell, Springfield, Worcester, Nantucket|
|Michigan||Adrian, Ann Arbor, Benton Harbor, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids, Holland,Houghton, Kalamazoo, Lansing, Marquette, Monroe, Sault Ste. Marie, Traverse City, Port Huron|
|Minnesota||Alexandria, Brainerd, Detroit Lakes, Duluth, Minneapolis, Rochester, Saint Cloud, Saint Paul|
|Mississippi||Biloxi, Cleveland, Greenville, Gulfport, Picayune, Hattiesburg, Indianola, Jackson, Meridian|
|Missouri||Bethany, Columbia, Jefferson City, Joplin, Kansas City, Maryville, Rolla, St. Louis, Springfield, Warrensburg|
|Montana||Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Great Falls, Helena, Missoula|
|Nebraska||Lincoln(part), Omaha(part), North Platte, Scottsbluff|
|Nevada||Carson City, Elko, Las Vegas, Reno, Winnemucca|
|New Hampshire||Manchester, Nashua|
|New Jersey||Cherry Hill, Jersey City, Newark, Berlin, New Brunswick, Old Bridge, Paterson, Plainfield|
|New Mexico||Alamogordo, Albuquerque, Artesia, Carlsbad, Carrizozo, Cloudcroft, Clovis, Deming, Eunice, Farmington, Gallup, Hobbs, Jal, Las Cruces, Lordsburg, Los Alamos, Los Lunas, Lovington, Portales, Raton, Roswell, Ruidoso, Santa Fe, Socorro, Taos, Truth or Consequences, Tucumcari|
|New York||Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, New York City, Rochester, Syracuse(part), Long Island(part), Niagara Falls, Westchester(part)|
|North Carolina||Asheville, Atlantic Beach, Burlington(part), Cape Carteret, Cary, Charlotte, Durham, Emerald Isle, Fayetteville, Gastonia, Greensboro, Greenville, Goldsboro, Hickory, High Point, Indian Beach, Jacksonville, Kernersville, Kitty Hawk, Morehead City, Raleigh, Swansboro, Wilmington, Winston-Salem, Chapel Hill|
|North Dakota||Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks, Minot|
|Ohio||Akron, Cleveland, Cincinnati, Columbus, Dayton, Springfield, Toledo, Marietta, Mansfield|
|Oklahoma||Lawton, Oklahoma City, Tulsa, Tahlequah, Muskogee, Fort Gibson, Sand Springs, Ada,Guymon, Enid|
|Oregon||Corvallis, Eugene, Portland, Salem, McMinnville|
|Pennsylvania||Erie, Harrisburg, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Scranton(part)|
|Rhode Island||Providence, Warwick|
|South Carolina||Charleston, Columbia, Florence, Greenville, Myrtle Beach, Orangeburg, Bluffton, Hilton Head|
|South Dakota||Rapid City, Pierre, Aberdeen|
|Tennessee||Chattanooga, Clarksville, Cookeville, Jackson, Knoxville, Memphis, Murfreesboro, Nashville, Morristown, Limestone|
|Texas||Abilene, Amarillo, Austin, Beaumont, Brownsville, Corpus Christi, Dallas, Dawson, El Paso, Fort Worth, Fort Stockton, Galveston, Houston, Kerrville, Killeen, Laredo, Lubbock, McAllen, Midland, Odessa, Sabine Pass, San Angelo, San Antonio, Seguin, Texarkana, Tyler, Uvalde, Victoria, Waco, Wichita Falls|
|Utah||Cedar City, Ogden, Provo, Saint George, Salt Lake City|
|Virginia||Chesapeake, Lynchburg, Newport News, Norfolk, Northern Virginia, Richmond, Roanoke, Virginia Beach, Williamsburg|
|Washington||Vancouver, Bremerton, Mount St. Helens, Seattle, Spokane, Issaquah, Preston, Everett, Olympia(part), Lacey, Aberdeen, Eatonville, Raymond, Elma, Rochester, Montesano, Port Angeles, Sequim and more|
|West Virginia||Charleston, Huntington, Parkersburg, Wheeling|
|Wisconsin||Appleton, Ashland, Beloit, Green Bay, Janesville, Kenosha, La Crosse, Madison, Milwaukee, Oregon, Oshkosh, Superior, Wausau|
|Wyoming||Casper, Cheyenne, Laramie, Jackson,Yellowstone National Park, Grand Teton National Park|
|Australian Capital Territory||Canberra|
|New South Wales||Sydney, Central Coast, Newcastle, Wollongong, Maitland, Wagga Wagga, Albury, Tamworth, Port Macquarie, Queanbeyan, Dubbo, Lismore, Coffs Harbour, Goulburn, Armidale, Broken Hill, Ballina, Griffith, Byron Bay|
|Northern Territory||Darwin, Palmerston, Alice Springs, Katherine, Tennant Creek|
|Queensland||Brisbane, Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast, Townsville, Cairns, Toowoomba, Mackay, Rockhampton, Bundaberg, Gladstone, Mount Isa|
|South Australia||Adelaide, Mount Gambier, Port Augusta, Port Lincoln, Whyalla, Ceduna|
|Tasmania||Hobart, Launceston, Burnie|
|Victoria||Melbourne, Ballarat, Bendigo, Shepparton, Mildura, Geelong, Warrnambool, Horsham|
|Western Australia||Perth, Bunbury, Mandurah, Geraldton, Albany, Kalgoorlie, Karratha, Port Hedland, Esperance, Broome, Kununurra|
|Northland||Whangarei, Kawakawa, Kohukohu|
|Auckland||Auckland, Waitakere, Manukau|
|Waikato||Hamilton, Taupo, Ngaruawahia, Te Awamutu, Putaruru, Ngatea|
|Bay of Plenty||Tauranga, Rotorua, Whakatane, Ngongotaha, Maketu|
|Hawke's Bay||Napier, Hastings|
|Taranaki||New Plymouth, Hawera, Stratford, Eltham, Opunake, Inglewood|
|Manawatu-Wanganui||Palmerston North, Ashhurst, Levin, Taumarunui, Marton|
|Wellington||Wellington, Upper Hutt, Porirua, Paraparaumu, Wairarapa|
|Tasman||Richmond, Motueka, Takaka|
|Canterbury||Christchurch, Timaru, Kaikoura, Hanmer Springs|
|Otago||Dunedin, Queenstown, Balclutha, Wanaka|
|United Kingdom||England: Nottingham, Derby, Sheffield, Leeds, Manchester ,Bradford, Scunthorpe, Bristol, London, Gateshead, Norwich, Newcastle upon Tyne, Birmingham, Coventry, Liverpool, Southampton, York, Cambridge, Oxford, Watford
Scotland: Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee, Aberdeen, Paisley
|France||Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Nice, Lille, Toulouse, Aigurande, Angers, Auray, Bourg d'Oisans, Brest, Brioude, Cérilly, Cholet, Embrun, Étampes, Figeac, Lannemezan, Lavelanet, Lourdes, Narbonne, Nantes, Nîmes, Pau, Rennes, Roanne, Roubaix, Saint-Malo,|
|Italy||Florence, Milan, Naples, Rome (including parts of Vatican City), Lake Como, Arezzo, Bari, Bellagio, Bellano, Busto Arsizio, Cagliari, Caserta, Catania, Cernobbio, Colico, Como, Cuneo, L'Aquila, Lecco, Livorno, Mandello del Lario, Malgrate, Parma, Perugia, Reggio di Calabria, Turin, Udine, Varenna|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam, Amstelveen, Barendrecht, Edam, Groningen, Rotterdam, Spijkenisse, Volendam, Weesp, Zaanstad, Zwanenburg, Wormerveer,|
|Spain||Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Valencia, Alboraya, Badalona, Burjasot, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Mislata, Montgat, Quart de Poblet, Sant Adrià de Besòs, Santa Coloma de Gramenet, Xirivella, Oviedo, Saragossa, Alcobendas, Alcorcón, Boadilla del Monte, Coslada, Collado Villalba, Fuenlabrada, Getafe, Las Rozas, Leganés, Majadahonda, Móstoles, Parla, Pinto, Pozuelo de Alarcón, San Fernando de Henares, San Sebastián de los Reyes, Torrelodones, Tres Cantos, Badalona, Castelldefels, Gavà, Rubí, Sabadell, Terrassa and more|
|Kantŝ||Chiba, Saitama, Tokyo, Yokohama|
|Kansai||Kobe, Osaka, Kyoto, Nara|
Google has stated that its ultimate goal is to provide street views of the entire world, although the company has not disclosed in advance the exact dates when any particular locations will be added.
|Continent||Countries & Regions|
|Asia||Hong Kong, , , (Taipei)|
|Europe||, , (Prague), ,|
, , , 1,
(Budapest), , , , ,
, , , (Bucharest, Oradea),
Spain, , , 
|Americas||, , , (Hawaii)|
Privacy advocates have objected to this Google feature, pointing to views found to show men leaving strip clubs, protesters at an abortion clinic, sunbathers in bikinis, cottagers at public parks, parents hitting their children, people picking up prostitutes and people engaging in activities visible from public property in which they do not wish to be seen publicly. Google maintains that the photos were taken from public property. Before launching the service, Google removed photos of domestic violence shelters, and it allows users to flag inappropriate or sensitive imagery for Google to review and remove. When the service was first launched, the process for requesting that an image be removed was not trivial, but Google has changed its policy to make removal more straightforward. Images of potential break-ins, sunbathers, and individuals entering adult bookstores have, however, remained active and these images have been widely republished.
In Europe, the creation of Google Street View may not be legal in all jurisdictions. Some European countries have laws prohibiting the filming without consent of an individual on public property for the purpose of public display.
One of Google's responses to concerns about privacy laws outside the United States has been a pledge to blur the faces of people who are filmed. Google began blurring faces on 13 May 2008 and the images published since then, including the first launch of images in Europe on 2 July 2008, have all used face blurring (this process is automated; as a result even facial images on posters and billboards are often blurred).
Google delayed the release of its street views of the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area following concern expressed by the United States Department of Homeland Security that some of the images taken might be of security-sensitive areas.
The Pentagon has banned Google from publishing Street View content of U.S. Military bases and asked Google to remove existing content of bases. Google has complied with this order.
Some parents have expressed concern over Street View compromising the security of their children.
Aaron and Christine Boring, a Pittsburgh couple, sued Google for "invasion of privacy". Street View made a photo of their home available online, and they claimed that this diminished the value of their house, which they had chosen for its privacy. They lost their case in a Pennsylvania court. "While it is easy to imagine that many whose property appears on Google's virtual maps resent the privacy implications, it is hard to believe that any – other than the most exquisitely sensitive – would suffer shame or humiliation," Judge Hay ruled.
Some cities in the United States where all streets are privately owned have asked Google to remove Street View images because their consent was not given. North Oaks, Minnesota may have been the first. In that case, Google complied.
While Canada, like other jurisdictions, has raised the issue of privacy concerns regarding Google Street View, the presence of Google cameras in one Canadian city in March 2009 gave rise to a different complaint. Les MacPherson, a columnist with the Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, complained in a March 28, 2009, column that the timing of the imaging, at the end of a protracted winter season and before the true onset of spring would cast an unfavorable image of Saskatoon and other cities. "What worries me more than any loss of privacy is the prospect of presenting to the world a highly unflattering impression of Canadian cities. With the possible exception of Victoria, they do not show off well in the spring. Google could not have picked a more inauspicious time to do its scanning. Saskatoon is unfortunately typical. For Google to record its images of the city at this most visually unappealing time of year is like photographing a beautiful woman who has just awakened from a six-month coma," he wrote.
In the first days of launch the UK service drew criticism due to privacy. Images were found of a man leaving a sex shop, a man vomiting and another man being arrested. Some images were removed including those surrounding Downing Street.
The service drew criticism in Belfast that it represented a "reckless" security risk, particularly for showing the exteriors of army bases and police stations so soon after the killing of two soldiers in the 2009 Massereene Barracks shooting, and a police officer.
Soon after the launch human rights watchdog Privacy International sent a formal complaint about the service to the UK Information Commissioner's Office (ICO), which cited more than 200 reports from members of the public who were identifiable on Street View images. Privacy International director Simon Davies said that the organisation had filed the complaint due to the "clear embarrassment and damage" Street View had caused to many Britons. He said that Street View fell short of the assurances given by Google to the ICO in July 2008 that had enabled its launch, namely that privacy would be protected by blurring faces and vehicle licence plates, and asked for the system to be "switched off" while an investigation was completed. He said the few cases where Google's face blurring system had failed meant the data used by Street View would fall under UK Data Protection legislation, which requires that subjects give permission for the use of information concerning them.
Davies subsequently sent an open letter to Google chief executive Eric Schmidt, accusing the company of briefing journalists against him, claiming Davies was biased in favour of Microsoft. Google has pointed to connections between Microsoft and data protection consultancy 80/20 Thinking, run by Davies, and has said that Davies' connections to Microsoft should be made clear in public, as the credibility of his criticisms is undermined by the fact that he acts as a consultant to companies who are direct rivals and critics of Google; a fact Davies rarely discloses in press releases or comments.
However, on 23 April 2009, the Information Commissioner ruled that although Google Street View carries a small risk of privacy invasion it should not be stopped. They ruled that "There is no law against anyone taking pictures of people in the street as long as the person using the camera is not harassing people". They also ruled that Google Street View does not contravene the Data Protection Act, as an image of a house held on Street View is not a data protection matter, as data protection is about people's personal information.
On 3 April 2009, it was reported in the press that residents of the village of Broughton in Buckinghamshire formed a human barrier to stop a Google car from photographing the village, expressing fears that it was "invading [the villagers'] privacy" and "facilitating crime". As also reported in the press, contrary reactions have come from some Internet users, who have called on people to "descend on the village to snap their own perfectly legal photographs".
On 21 May 2009, Google Street's privacy issues got some attention in the tabloid press, after it was revealed that Google's facial recognition technology automatically blurred out the face of "The Colonel" on the shop signage of Kentucky Fried Chicken stores "to protect his privacy", despite the fact that Harland David "Colonel" Sanders, upon whose image "The Colonel" is based, died in 1980. A spokesperson for Google defended the decision as "it shows how good our facial recognition technology is".
In an April 2009 interview for the magazine Focus Google's Global Privacy Counsel Peter Fleischer remarked that "public opposition to Google Street View in Germany, though not hysterical, had been tougher than in any other country." On the same occasion he stated that the project has now been "essentially aligned with the concerns of data privacy advocates," and that "specific privacy tools would be developed for the German launch while imaging continues at the fastest possible pace." The option to have specific images removed would also apply for locations in Germany.
Google has been stopped from gathering images in Greek cities for its Street View service until it provides further guarantees about privacy.
In 2007, Google pledged not to identify faces or number plates in Australia. However, as of March 2009, it is still possible to view both.
In Japan, Google Street View started in August 2008 and was made available for ten Japanese Prefectures in February 2009. The available Street View areas depicted residential and business areas, and showed the faces of pedestrians, displayed vehicle registration plates, and the name plate of a family residence (表札 Hyŝsatsu ) - Google's decision to show these has led to disputes. Local governments, lawyers and individuals claimed Google was violating privacy. On 3 February 2009, Google Japan representatives attended a meeting about privacy concerns held at a Tokyo Metropolitan Government facility, and agreed that privacy issues had not been adequately considered. Google pledged that, before taking photographs for Street View, they would in future notify the provinces' local government. Google Japan admitted that notifications and explanations of this kind had already been taking place in countries other than Japan, but had not done so in Japan as they were not aware of the potential privacy concerns.
On 13 May 2009, Google Japan announced that it would modify their cameras to scan from a reduced height of 2.05 meters above ground level, 40 centimeters lower than the original height of the camera head. This reduced height is to apply immediately, and all areas previously visited will be rescanned from the reduced height. Scans taken at the original height will remain available until they are replaced with the new images. (It has pointed out that this seems inconsistent.)
Role in solving crime
Google Street view, while angering many privacy advocates, has been known to help victims of crime. For example, a Dutch boy happened to find a photo on Street View showing him with two men right before they allegedly mugged him. Authorities were able to use these photos and arrest the assailants.
- ↑ car in Zuienkerke, a rural village in Belgium
- ↑ Google Street View no Brasil com Fiat Stilo
- ↑ googlemaps bike on Flickr
- ↑ A couple of thoughts on Street View « Rotacoo
- ↑ Google acknowledged using Elphel cameras
- ↑ Google's LatLong Blog
- ↑ CNet article "Google begins blurring faces in Street View"
- ↑ PC World article "Google Street View Gets Smart Navigation"
- ↑ http://www.hawaiiweblog.com/2009/04/17/google-street-view-hawaii
- ↑ http://maps.google.de/intl/de/help/maps/streetview/faq.html#q9 Google Maps Street View Germany
- ↑ Japan and Google Street View, special coverage page at Global Voices Online.
- ↑ "Google Streetview Japan Car Seen in Okinawa and More New Places". October 16, 2008. http://newzjapan.com/google-streetview-japan-car-seen-in-okinawa-and-more-new-places. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- ↑ Google Street View Coming To Singapore
- ↑ Twelve New Cities To See In Street View | WebProNews
- ↑ Google Street View in Hong Kong :: ASM
- ↑ Google Car @ Hong Kong
- ↑ "Google Streetview Japan Car Seen in Okinawa and More New Places". October 16, 2008. http://newzjapan.com/google-streetview-japan-car-seen-in-okinawa-and-more-new-places. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- ↑ Google Street View in Naha - Flickr Photo
- ↑ Google Street View Cars Spotted in Singapore
- ↑ Google Street View cars in Taiwan - Google Blogoscoped Forum
- ↑ GoogleWatchBlog - Google Streetview Auto in Wien gesichtet
- ↑ "Google Street View Car on Flickr - Photo Sharing!". 47.784124; 13.071584: Flickr.com. http://www.flickr.com/photos/muncadunc/3411797845/in/pool-googlestreetviewcar. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- ↑ Google ontkent lancering Street View in België - Knack.be
- ↑ deredactie.be - Videozone
- ↑ "Google Street View auto míří do Prahy - Design ASP.net". Design ASP.net. http://www.designasp.net/blog/cs/post/2009/04/08/Google-Street-View-auto-miri-do-Prahy.aspx. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- ↑ Automobil Google Street View bude již brzy jezdit a fotit v ulicích Prahy
- ↑ "Smil - Google fotograferer Danmark fra i dag - dr.dk/P3/P3 Nyheder". Dr.dk. http://www.dr.dk/P3/P3Nyheder/2009/04/14/135738.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- ↑ Google Maps street view car in Copenhagen: full view
- ↑ "Google kuvaa Helsingin katuja". vartti.fi. http://www.vartti.fi/artikkeli/495247a3-9262-4c4c-81a8-33b1f01dfb93. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- ↑ "Google Street View is going to look like shit in Helsinki « Deceptive Cadence". Deceptivecadence.wordpress.com. http://deceptivecadence.wordpress.com/2009/03/31/google-street-view-is-going-to-like-shit-in-helsinki/. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- ↑ "New workers for Street View Finland". blogoscoped.com. http://blogoscoped.com/forum/152223.html. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
- ↑ Google Maps - Google Street View en France
- ↑ Google fotografiert BerlinGoogles Foto-Orgie
- ↑ Google Street View in Hamburg? Hab ich was verpasst? - (mit hacksause)
- ↑ Googles Foto-Orgie
- ↑ Google Street View : direction la Grèce et la République tchèque
- ↑ Αναϝτήθηκε από The acrobats. "Στους δϝόμους της Αθήνας «ξεχϝνεται» τις επόμενες ημέϝες το Street View της Google". GREECE-SALONIKA.blogspot. http://greece-salonika.blogspot.com/2009/04/street-view-google.html. Retrieved 2009-04-17.
- ↑ Google Street View in Athens - Flickr Photo
- ↑ Budapestet is végigfotózza a Google
- ↑ Flickr photo - Google Car in Budapest
- ↑ Smith, Gordon (2009-03-14). "Google takes to the streets to show the way to go in Ireland". The Irish Times. http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/frontpage/2009/0314/1224242851121.html. Retrieved 2009-03-14.
- ↑ Google Street View in Dublin - Flickr Photo
- ↑ [News] Google Street view: Dopo le grandi città ecco anche Cagliari - Software Upgrade
- ↑ DSC_5895 on Flickr - Photo Sharing!
- ↑ Google Car avvistata a L’Aquila e Pescara (aggiornato) « Morg4n’s Bay
- ↑ Luxemburger Wort, May 28, 2009
- ↑ Google kijkt mee in Amsterdam en Rotterdam
- ↑ Google StreetView comes to Norway today
- ↑ Nå tar Google bilde av huset ditt
- ↑ Google Street View in Florø - Flickr Photo
- ↑ Google Street View : direction la Pologne
- ↑ Google sfotografuje Warszawę będzie Street View
- ↑ Google inicia recolha de imagens de cidades portuguesas para o Street View do Maps (rtp.pt)
- ↑ A minha rua está no metro (Metro newspaper, Apr.15, 2009)
- ↑ Google car street view in Bucuresti ? » Blogul lui CTI97
- ↑ "Maşina Google Street View, văzută din nou în Bucureşti? - Cotidianul". Cotidianul.ro. 2009-04-03. http://www.cotidianul.ro/masina_google_street_view_vazuta_din_nou_in_bucuresti-79117.html. Retrieved 2009-04-08.
- ↑ Google Car in Oradea, Bihor County, Romania - Flick Photo
- ↑ El coche de Google, cazado en Palma | elmundo.es
- ↑ Google viaja por Málaga | málagahoy.es
- ↑ Fotos de los coches de Google Street View en Bilbao, Zaragoza y Oviedo | http://google.dirson.com
- ↑ Google Street View : direction la Suède
- ↑ Google Street View : direction la Suède
- ↑ British privacy group aims to roadblock Google's Street View - The INQUIRER
- ↑ Evening Telegraph: News
- ↑ Liverpool Daily Post, July 21, 2008
- ↑ Google Brasil fecha acordo para trazer Street View a cidades brasileiras
- ↑ Street View desembarca en América Latina
- ↑ Google lança Street View no Brasil
- ↑ Avistamiento de uno de los autos con cámara de Google Stree View en la Ciudad de México
- ↑ Picasa - Alejandro - Mis Fotos par
- ↑ Oh, snap! Google hits town
- ↑ Google Street car view in downtown Honolulu on Flickr
- ↑ MacDonald, Calum (June 4, 2007). "Google’s Street View site raises alarm over privacy". The Herald. http://www.theherald.co.uk/news/other/display.var.1444323.0.0.php. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- ↑ Mills, Elinor (June 3, 2007). "Google's street-level maps raising privacy concerns". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/tech/news/internetprivacy/2007-06-01-google-maps-privacy_N.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- ↑ "Google Waffles on Street View Takedown Policy". Dr. Dobb's Portal. June 15, 2007. http://www.ddj.com/web-development/199904845.
- ↑ "Google Lets You Remove People from Street View". Google Operating System. August 26, 2007. http://googlesystem.blogspot.com/2007/08/google-lets-you-remove-people-from.html. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- ↑ "Google Street View: Accidental Online Community or Real Invasion of Privacy?". Web Urbanist. June 8, 2007. http://weburbanist.com/2007/06/08/google-street-view-popular-online-community-or-invasion-of-privacy/.
- ↑ Google Street View: Examples of interesting street views.
- ↑ Google's Street View could be unlawful in Europe | OUT-LAW.COM
- ↑ Google begins blurring faces in Street View
- ↑ Pull up a chair for a walking tour | The Providence Journal
- ↑ "Pentagon bans Google teams from bases". Reuters. 2008-03-06. http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=D8V84RL00&show_article=1. Retrieved 2008-03-07.
- ↑ Fox 6 Now | Google Street View Upsets Some Parents
- ↑ "Couple Sues Google Over "Street View".". The Smoking Gun. http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/years/2008/0404081google1.html. Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- ↑ "Google wins Street View privacy case". The Guardian. 19 February 2009. http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2009/feb/19/google-wins-street-view-privacy-case. Retrieved 2009-02-19. "An American couple who attempted to sue Google over what they claimed was its "privacy invading" Street View technology have lost their case in a Pennsylvania court."
- ↑ Pabst, Lora (May 31, 2008). "North Oaks tells Google Maps: Keep out - we mean it". Minneapolis Star-Tribune. http://www.startribune.com/lifestyle/19416279.html. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- ↑ MacPherson, Les (28 March 2009), "City not at its best in Google's new photos", Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, http://www.thestarphoenix.com/Business/COLUMN+City+best+Google+photos/1438536/story.html, retrieved 2009-04-19
- ↑ Images Get Pulled From Google Street View In First Week Of Service
- ↑ BBC NEWS | Google's pictures of UK go live
- ↑ BBC NEWS | Google pulls some street images
- ↑ BBC NEWS | Northern Ireland | Google 'reckless' on NI security
- ↑ "Call to 'shut down' Street View". BBC News. 24 March 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7959362.stm.
- ↑ "Google 'trying to smear Street View critic'", Belfast Telegraph, 28 March 2009, http://www.belfasttelegraph.co.uk/lifestyle/technology-gadgets/google-trying-to-smear-street-view-critic-14247255.html, retrieved 2009-04-01
- ↑ "Common sense on Street View must prevail, says the ICO", Information Commissioner, 23 April 2009, http://www.ico.gov.uk/upload/documents/pressreleases/2009/google_streetview_220409_v2.pdf, retrieved 2009-04-01
- ↑ "All clear for Google Street View". BBC News. 23 April 2009. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/8014178.stm.
- ↑ A very English revolt sees off Google's spies Mail Online
- ↑ Raid-fear villagers halt Google Street View Car, The Sun online, 03/04/2009
- ↑ Watch out Broughton! Street View fans plan to descend on 'privacy' village for photo fest, Mail Online, 04/04/2009
- ↑ "Google blur out KFC founder", The Sun online, 21/05/2009
- ↑ Focus No. 18/2009, p. 20 (April 28, 2009)
- ↑ Google Street View blacked out in Greece
- ↑ "Google unveils Street View across Australia". news.com.au. 2008-08-05. http://www.news.com.au/technology/story/0,25642,24130293-5014108,00.html. Retrieved 2008-08-06.
- ↑ "Google Street View told: keep off, private". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008-08-07. http://www.smh.com.au/news/technology/google-street-view-told-keep-off-private/2008/08/07/1217702214157.html. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
- ↑ "Google takes a risky road with privacy". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008-08-06. http://www.smh.com.au/news/web/google-takes-a-risky-road-with-privacy/2008/08/06/1217702095425.html. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- ↑ "Japan: Debate over Google Street View continues". Global Voices. http://globalvoicesonline.org/2008/08/14/japan-debate-over-google-street-view-continues/. Retrieved 2009-02-08.
- ↑ Yomiuri Shimbun(Japanese edition), 2009-02-04 Ver.13S page 28
- ↑ http://www.newser.com/story/62460/google-street-view-nabs-dutch-thieves.html
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