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Triangulated Irregular Network
A triangulated irregular network (TIN) is a digital data structure used in a GIS for the representation of a surface. A TIN is a vector based representation of the physical land surface or sea bottom, made up of irregularly distributed nodes and lines with three dimensional coordinates (x,y, and z) that are arranged in a network of nonoverlapping triangles. TINs are often derived from the elevation data of a rasterized digital elevation model (DEM). An advantage of using a TIN over a DEM in mapping and analysis is that the points of a TIN are distributed variably based on an algorithm that determines which points are most necessary to an accurate representation of the terrain. Data input is therefore flexible and fewer points need to be stored than in a DEM with regularly distributed points. While a TIN may be less suited than a DEM raster for certain kinds of GIS applications, such as analysis of a surface's slope and aspect, TINs have the advantage of being able to portray terrain in three dimensions. ... more
System Design Strategies
System Design Strategies is an exclusive resource for the successful design and deployment for geographic information systems technology. This documentation is provided to share system architecture design methodology and the fundamental principles that contribute to system performance and scalability.